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DEPENDENCY AND WORLD SYSTEMS THEORIES FALL 2008

IDEAS OF CREATION

DEPENDENCY AND

WORLD DEVICES

THEORIES

• MODERNIZATION: INDOGENOUS

• MARXISM:

INDOGENOUS/EXOGENOUS

• DEPENDENCY (NEOMARXIST):

EXOGENOUS

• WORLD SYSTEMS (NEOMARXIST):

EXOGENOUS

THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT:

MODERNIZATION

PROPONENTS OF MODERNIZATION

• Western European knowledge suggest a linear course

toward creation

• In the 19th C, the Western had attacked a route through

a number of stages resulting in progress

• The modernization thesis argues that the West could

civilize other much less developed areas if the other adopt

the patterns of development of the West

• Poorer countries should go further than extraction of raw

elements profits and new market segments and agree to that

large financial and technical assistance would

enhance the gardening subsistence communities into

modern industrial societies

1 .

2 .

3.

5.

5.

Walt W. Rostov –

Levels of

Advancement: A non-communist Manifesto

Discussed 5 periods

Traditional world

Preconditions pertaining to take

off

Take off

Drive toward maturity

Age of excessive mass

ingestion

• A. F. T. Organski -- Stages

of Political Expansion

(1965)

1 ) Primitive nationwide

unification

2 . Industrialization

three or more. National Welfare

4. Great quantity

1

ECONOMICAL STRUCTURALISTS

(SYSTEMIC APPROACH)

UNDERDEVELOPMENT THEORISTS

UN's Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA)

• Raul Prebisch: A brand new bourgeoisie, industrial and

industrial would arise and a supporter of national

hobbies in the face of overseas penetration of LDCs

(non-Marxist)

• Celso Furtado (Development and Underdevelopment

1964). Disagreed that underdevelopment was a

important stage inside the formation of recent capitalist

financial systems. Autonomy was the solution to nationwide

development. Opposed imperialism and foreign

penetration into the domestic economy

MARXISM

• Most widely known strand of structuralist believed

• Communism ideology associated with Karl Marx

• Maintains that the economical order determines the

politics and sociable relationships.

• Thus, the distribution of wealth as well as the struggle

between the propertied and powerful hooligan and

the poor and oppressed proletariat is definitely the essence of

politics

• Lenin – the initial Soviet Communism party Chief

applied Marxism to international politics. In

Imperialism: the greatest Stage of Capitalism

(1916). Argues capitalist bourgeois frontrunners had

duped their proletariat workers in to supporting the

exploitation various other proletariat peoples through

imperialism. Class have difficulty also included a great

international school struggle between bourgeois and

proletariat countries and lenders

Economic structures establishes politics. The

conduct of world governmental policies is based on the way in which that the

world is arranged economically.

The earth is divided between the possess and the havenots – the EDCs and the LDCs. fragile and poor countries to be able to facilitate exploitation of the poor

countries

That they favor primary reforms or possibly a radical

restructuring of the economy designed to

end the uneven distribution of wealth and power.

Split up into two main camps 1 . Marxism

2 . Dependency and World Devices theory

MARXIST PERSPECTIVE

• Under capitalism -the the majority of dynamic method of production in world history according to Marx- the most important sources of financial growth are valorization and accumulation

• To achieve money, a capitalist has to exploit labor simply by paying the workers less than roughly the same as the value of the actual produce (valorization)

• Therefore, it is the staff, not the capitalists who have generate benefit • This kind of value is usually accumulated by capitalist in order to survive in competition with others (accumulation)

• Capital growth can be carried out throughout the accumulation of surplus made by the staff (capital concentration) and through merging to companies (capital centralization) • However , major of Marx's theories was not only around the economic operations, but on the totality of society as well as the way this...

06.09.2019

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